Panama’s wildlife is easily the most diversified in Central America. It is the location of several South American species and also to North American wildlife. The avifauna of Panama included a total of 996 species according to the 2018 Bird Checklist of The World. This updated list consists of seven endemics, 144 are categorized as rare or accidental, and six introduced by humans.
Panama is situated in Central America, surrounding both the Caribbean Ocean and also the Pacific Sea, in between Colombia and Costa Rica. The prominent characteristic of Panama’s geography is the central spine of mountains and hills that form the continental partition. The divide doesn’t constitute a portion of the high mountain chains of North America, and just close to the Colombian boundary exist highlands associated with the Andean system of South America. The spine that forms the divided is the highly eroded arch of an uplift from the marine bottom part, through which highs had been created by volcanic intrusions.
The mountain range of the divide is known as the Cordillera de Talamanca close to the Costa Rican boundary. Farther east it results in being the Serranía de Tabasará, and also the part of it nearer to the low saddle in the isthmus, in which the Panama Canal is situated, is usually referred to as Sierra de Veraguas. Altogether, the range among Costa Rica plus the canal is generally described by geographers as the Cordillera Central.
Panama features tropical weather. Temperatures are high-as is the relative humidity consistently, and there exists small seasonal variance. Diurnal ranges are lower; on a typical dry-season day inside the capital, the early morning hours minimal could be 24 °C and the evening highest 30 °C. The temperature rarely surpasses 32 °C (89.6 °F) for more than a short period. Temps within the Pacific area of the isthmus is moderately lower than on the Caribbean, and sea breezes usually increase following sunset in many regions. Climate is substantially much more cooling within the higher areas of the mountain ranges, and freeze happens in the Cordillera de Talamanca in western Panama.
Climatic areas are established much less by temperature than on precipitation, which can vary regionally from lower than 1,300 millimeters (51.2 in) to above 3,000 millimeters (118.1 in) annually.The majority of the raindrops throughout the rainy period, that is generally from April to December but differs in length from 7 to 9 months. Usually, rainfall is far more significant around the Caribbean compared to the Pacific area of the continental divide. The yearly average in Panama Metropolis is just 50 % of that in Colón. Even though rainy-season severe storms are regular, the country is away from hurricane belt.
Panama’s tropical environment sustains a plethora of vegetation. Woodlands dominate, disrupted in areas by grasslands, scrub, and crops. Even though nearly 40% of Panama remains wooded, deforestation is an ongoing risk towards the rain-drenched jungles. A lot more than 50 % has minimized tree cover since the nineteen forties. Subsistence agriculture, broadly practiced from the northeastern forests to the southwestern grasslands, is composed mainly of corn, bean, and tuber plots. Mangrove swamps occur along areas of each shoreline, with banana farms occupying deltas close to Costa Rica.