Over 840 species of birds are already identified in Costa Rica. As happens in most of Central America, the bird species in Costa Rica are a mixture of South and North American species.
Costa Rica hosts an abundant number of animals and plants. As the nation only has about .03% of the planet’s landmass, it contains 5% of the earth’s biodiversity. Around 25% of the country’s terrain area is in protected nature and protected spots, the most critical number of protected areas on the planet (creating globe average 13%, developed world ordinary 8%). Costa Rica has appropriately managed to reduce deforestation from some of the worst rates in the planet from 1973 to 1989, to just about zero by 2005.
Costa Rica is situated within the Central American isthmus. It boundaries the Caribbean Ocean (towards the east) as well as the Pacific Sea (to the west), with an entire of 1,290 kilometers (800 mi) of shoreline, 212 km (132 mi) within the Caribbean coastline and 1,016 kilometers (631 mi) within the Pacific ocean. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua towards the north (309 km or 192 mi of border) and Panama to the south-southeast (330 km or 210 mi of boundary). As a whole, Costa Rica contains 51,100 square kilometers (19,700 sq mi) also 589 square kilometers (227 sq mi) of territorial waters.
The highest point in the nation is Cerro Chirripó, at 3,819 meters (12,530 ft); being the 5th maximum peak in Central America. The highest volcano in Costa Rica is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 mts.). There are 14 recognized volcanoes in Costa Rica, and 6 of those have been active in the last 75 years.
Costa Rica also contains some islands. Cocos Island (24 square kilometers) is unique due to its distance from the continental landmass, 480 kilometers from Puntarenas, but Isla Calero is the biggest island of the nation (151.6 square kilometers). The National System of Conservation Areas protects over 25% of Costa Rica’s country’s area, which manages each of the nation’s protected areas. Costa Rica also presents the highest density of species on the planet.
Because Costa Rica is situated among 8 and 12 degrees north from the Equator, the weather conditions are tropical all year round. Even so, the nation has numerous microclimates based on height, precipitation, topography, and also the location of every specific area.
Costa Rica’s seasons are based on just how much rainfall falls within a specific period. The entire year could be split up into two time periods, the dry season recognized to the inhabitants as summer time (Verano), and the rainy season, known in the area as winter season (Invierno). The “summer season” or dry period ranges from December to April, and “winter season” or rainy period ranges from May to November, which practically coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, and during this period, it continually rains in specific areas.
The place receiving the most rainfall is the Caribbean slopes of the Cordillera Central mountains, having yearly precipitation of over 5,000 millimeters (196.9 in). Humidness can also be higher within the Caribbean area compared to the Pacific section. The mean annual temperatures within the seaside lowlands are approximately 27 °C (81 °F), 20 °C (68 °F) in the main inhabited regions of the Cordillera Central, and beneath 10 °C (50 °F) on the summits of mountain tops.