Placed in the heart of the Maya world Belize is bordered by Guatemala to the west and south, Mexico to the north and the Caribbean to the east, Belize is the only one English speaking country in Central America.
Possesses a land area of 8,867 square miles (22,965 km2), most of the territory is flat coastal plain just broken at the south by the Maya mountains that reach an altitude of 3,688 feet (1,124 Mts.). Moreover, a few low hills on the northwest side of the country.
Exotic jungle, rivers, lagoons and hundreds of small cases within the second-longest barrier reef on the planet which flanks most of the 386 km (240 mi) of predominantly marshy shoreline, all collectively inhabit about 600 bird species which are an ideal vacation destination to discover the tropical avifauna.
Vegetation and flora.
While forest covers over 60% of Belize’s territory area, some 20% of the nation’s land covered by harvested land (farming) and human settlements. Savanna, scrubland, and wetland represent the rest of Belize’s land cover. Essential mangrove environments also represented throughout Belize’s scenery. As part of the worldwide substantial Mesoamerican Biological Corridor that extends from the southern area of Mexico to Panama, Belize’s biodiversity, both marine and terrestrial, is abounding, with plentiful plant life and animals.
About 13.6% of Belize’s national marine environments which contain the Belize Barrier Reef, also are protected. The Belize Barrier Reef is a UNESCO-recognized World Heritage Site and is also the second-largest barrier reef on the planet.
Belize molded like a rectangular shape that expands about 280 km north-south and around 100 kilometers east-west, having an entire territory border length of 516 kilometers The undulating courses of two rivers, the Hondo as well as the Sarstoon River, outline a lot of the range of the nation’s southern and northern borders. The western boundary follows no natural characteristics and goes north-south through lowland woodlands and highland plateau.
Northern Belize consists mainly of flat, swampy coastline flatlands, in locations intensely wooded. The vegetation is exceptionally varied taking into consideration the small geographic area. The southern contains the lower mountain range of the Maya Mountains.
Belize is a land which has a rich variety of wildlife due to its exceptional location among both South and North America, and a variety of climates and environments for plant and animal life. Belize’s reduced population and roughly 22,970 square kilometers of undistributed property result in a perfect home for the more than 5,000 varieties of plant life, and hundreds of types of wildlife.
The Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary is a nature reserve in south-central Belize created to protect the woodlands, wildlife, and watersheds of a roughly 400 km2 (150 square mi) part of the eastern slopes of the Maya Mountains. The reserve established in 1990 as the first wilderness refuge for the elusive jaguar.
Belize features tropical weather with noticeable wet and dry periods. However, there are substantial variants in climate behavior by region. Temperature ranges differ by height, vicinity to the coastline, and also the moderating effects of the northeast trade winds from the Caribbean sea.
Average temperature within the seaside areas varies from 24 °C (75.2 °F) in January to 27 °C (80.6 °F) in This summer. Climate is a little increased away from the coast, except the southeast highland plateaus, such as Mountain Pine Ridge, in which it can be significantly cooler all year round. General, the seasons are notable much more by variations in humidity and precipitation than in temperature.