Regional Endemism areas
Guatemala as one as the best Central American birdwatching destination has a high diversity of birds with a high degree of regional endemism located in four main zones. The union of these four areas in such a small region creates a very attractive offer for birdwatchers adding the archaeological and cultural attractions that highly complement to birdwatching.
The highlands of northern Central America
include parts of Oaxaca and Chiapas (Mexico), Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Some species that are endemic on these regions are the Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus), the Pink-headed Warbler (Ergaticus versicolor) and the Cabanis´ Tanager (Tangara l. Larvata).
The tropical savannas of the northern Pacific slope of Central America
Cover parts of Chiapas (Mexico), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua along the Pacific coast. Among the endemic species we can mention the Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata), the American green Parakeet (Aratinga strenua), and the White-throated Magpie-jay (calocitta formmosa).
The tropical rainforest on the Caribbean slope of Central America
Lies mainly on Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica but it also include the northwestern part of Guatemala (Izabal), extending to Panama along the Caribbean coast.
In Guatemala this region represents a high diversity (more than 500 species) and specialties such as the Wedged-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus curvipennis) Keel-billed Motmot (Electron carinatum), and Gray-headed Piprites (Pipritis griseiceps) among others
The lowlands of the Yucatan Peninsula
Includes the states of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo in Mexico, and northern parts of the department of Peten (Guatemala) and northern Belize.
Containing species such as Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata), the Gray-throated Chat (Granatellus sallael) and the Rose-throated Tanager (Piranga roseogularis).